Everybody has heard about The Great sphynx of Giza at least from their history textbooks. There are many reasons behind its popularity and because of them, it has been heard throughout history. There are many facts behind Sphynx that are mysterious and some are really fascinating. Because of all these, the Sphynx gained a ‘great’ before its name.
Sphynx And Few Fascinating Facts
One thing that comes to our mind when we think of Sphynx is its size. If you are in search of the largest monolith statue all over the world, then it is Sphynx. 20.22 meters is the height and 19.3 meters in width. The length is 73.5 meters. Now, let’s understand the reasons behind its popularity and significance in history.
A Mythological Creature Which Roamed Thebes
There is no doubt that, this is one of the very famous mythological creatures. Statue has a lion body and head is a woman’s one. This creature has significance in Greek mythology and of course in Egypt mythology as well.
Springer was a Greek word and it is a verb meaning ‘to squeeze’. So, you can trackback this word to the verb Springer. It has another meaning ‘to bind’. Of, course it is difficult to trace and see a real connection between the creature and the meaning of the word.
But in Greek culture, Sphynx was a lady who was born to Orthus. She had serpentine tail and wings as well. The Sphynx used to roam outside Thebes. She was always assisting the travelers and was there too as all kinds of riddles. In case if they were given a riddle, she would enable them to pass easily.
There were mainly two riddles and they are
Name the creature that has just one voice. It has 4 feet in the morning and by afternoon it takes two feet and at nigh just three.
There are 2 sisters. One gave birth to others. But the born actually gave birth to the other.
If the traveler fails to answer the riddles, he/she can be eaten by the creature. But there is nothing to worry since today we only have a stone made such-like creature. If you are still thinking, the answer to that first riddle is ‘human beings’. ‘The cycle of day and night’ is the answer for a second.
Therefore, Mythology said that only Greek king Oedipus was able to answer these two riddles. Whereby, after Sphinx received an answer from him, she took her own life.
Builder Of The Great Sphynx of Giza
This actual statue was built around 2500 BC. But there are other arguments as well. Some new theories said it was built almost 9000 years ago. The surprising fact is that, how did they built this huge statue. Bearing in mind that, during this time there were no hydraulic assisted machines or any type of cranes.
Mainly, the statues were about a carved face. Even today there is confusion and there is no exact confirmation on whose face, that particular statue carries. Archaeologists state that, the statues must have built by Khafre one of the pharaohs who existed during this time.