There is much basic as well as fascinating info that you should know about mummy. Through mummies, you will learn many things about death as well as the life of people belonging to ancient Egypt. If you are new to Ancient Egypt and mummies then you have landed in the right place. Let’s learn about what mummies are, were all mummified? and where can find mummies?
Mummy Is A Dead Pharaoh
In ancient Egypt, when a pharaoh or king died, people believed that he is going to live in the afterlife. More than this, they also believed that he is going to become the god that they worshiped. Another interesting and fascinating fact they believed was each person has three souls, the ba, the ka, and the like. They were taking care of the deceased just because they believed only when they take care of the body the soul could reach the next level.
Hence they came up with an elaborated process through which they took care of the dead bodies of the pharaohs. The term mummification was used for this process. The aim was to preserve the deceased bodies so as to avoid them from decomposing. Once they were done with mummification these mummies were kept in special tombs inside Egyptian pyramids. The pyramids still stand even today.
Brains Were Removed Through The Nose
Ibu was the tent where they were doing mummification. Embalmer was the name given to the person who was carrying the mummification process. Initially, the embalmer washed the body using palm wine along with water brought from the river Nile.
Later he was slicing a cut along the side of the body. Through this hole, he was removing all the inside organs. But when it came to the brain, embalmer was making use of a long stick and a hook. He was inserting this long stick into the nose and pulling the brain attached to it. Embalmer never removed the heart from the body.
The reason behind that was, the heart was believed to be the organ that is essential and center of a pharaoh. Later he was washing everything and treating them using natron. Natron is nothing but a type of salt which was helping in drying out. This also played a major role in avoiding rotting. The entire body was later covered in natron. After 40 days the embalmer could again wash the body and oil it.
Mummy: Organs Removed Were Also Preserved
In the early stages of this mummification, embalmers were wrapping the organs and were keeping them in containers. Hence, these containers were called canopic jars. They believed that canopic jars were helping the organs to get protection from evil spirits and spells.
Each and every organ has specific jars and that was meant for that organ. For a body, there used to be 4 jars. One was meant for stomach, one was for lungs, the other for intestines, and the last one for the liver. However, these organs were said to be very important and needed in the next world. When everything was ready, organs were put again into the body after washing, drying, and wrapping. But empty jars were kept near the body for further protection.